Chronology: 2021 Dedicated to Glorifying Juozas Lukša (Daumantas), Alleged Participant in June 1941 Kaunas Atrocities



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23 June 2020: “Setting the stage”: After the longtime ultranationalist head of the “Genocide Center” is replaced by a meek looking “member of the Tatar community” in attempt to repair the disastrous image of an EU/NATO democracy financing a Nazi-whitewash ethnic-purity-inclined institute paid for by the state, the chief historian of the Center (a longtime member of the state’s “red-brown commission”) delivers a fiery June 23rd speech proudly flanked by huge images of two proven Holocaust collaborators, J. Noreika and K. Škirpa.  Defending History was on the scene and reports.

29 June: 2020  In response to media reports, Dovid Katz presents a case against the official state naming of the  upcoming year 2021 for June 1941 LAF activist Juozas Lukša, invoking the publications of Alex FaitelsonJoseph Melamed and a British parliamentary motion. Cnaan Liphshiz reports in JTA (also in Jerusalem PostTimes of IsraelEuropean Jewish Congress).

29 June 2020: Prof. Kęstutis Girnius presents a hagiographic portrait of Lukša in mainstream media, with no mention of 1941 or its issues. Years earlier, the late Leonidas Donskis took issue with his attempts at “fixing 1941” (commentary on both views by Dr. N. Vasiliauskaite).

30 June 2020: Seimas adopts the bill; 91 votes for, none against; in rare act of defiance, “the one Jewish MP” Emanuelis Zingeris provides the single abstention. The voting.

1 July 2020: In a dramatic shift that was widely welcomed internationally, the American Jewish Committee’s Andy Baker and the official Lithuanian Jewish Community head Faina Kukliansky  (cochairs of “Good Will Foundation”) jointly write to the Seimas speaker boldly asking for annulment of the decision. English version of their letter on AJC (as PDF), and  LJC official sites (as PDF) and PRnewswire (2 July). Much praise in the Jewish community, the Holocaust studies and remembrance community, in Lithuanian liberal circles and beyond for their standing up against glorification of participants in the Kaunas 1941 rampages of murder, injury, pillage and humiliation of defenseless neighbors by the violent antisemitic Hitler-allied LAF (Lithuanian Activist Front) militias.

5 July 2020: Far right Propatria.lt, in usual spirit of classical antisemitism, quotes “a political scientist” to “prove” that Jewish community’s statement on the naming of 2021 reveals it as an anti-Lithuanian tool of the Kremlin.

7 July 2020: Lithuanian media reports on response of speaker of Seimas and Conservative MP A. Anušauskas (who had 16 years ago launched the campaign against Holocaust survivor and former Yad Vashem head Yitzhak Arad, which grew into a wider campaign against Holocaust survivors who joined the resistance). Ms. Kukliansky speaks on LRT television about the community’s appeal to the Seimas to cancel the naming of 2021 for an LAF member.

8 July 2020: DH publishes Lithuanian translation of the critical passage in Alex Faitelson’s 2006 memoir, The Truth and Nothing But the Truth (original English).

9 July 2020: Dr. Laurence Weinbaum, executive director of World Jewish Congress Israel, and editor of the Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, publishes a major article, “Lithuania Picks the Wrong Man to Honor” in London’s Jewish Chronicle. He credits best-selling author Ruta Vanagaite for her uncompromising truth telling, and indeed, her many followers on Facebook and elsewhere await her own powerful statement on the naming of 2021 by the Lithuanian parliament.

10 July 2020: Vidmantas Valiušaitis publishes article in Slaptai.lt claiming that the victims of the Kaunas (Lietukis) Garage Massacre were all “members of the Communist party” and that the Bolsheviks had earlier armed “only Jews”…

11 July 2020: Mr. Valiušaitis follows up in Slaptai.lt with an article claiming that local killers were “political prisoners from Lithuania who had just left prison. They took revenge by recognizing the individuals who tortured them in prison.”

13 July 2020: The official Jewish community publishes a robust reply  (as PDF) to Genocide Center personnel, noting the historic status of the LAF as a violently antisemitic organization with thousands of murders of Jewish civilians on its hands. The piece also refers to the role of accusations that the 2021 honoree was an actual participant in the Kaunas Lietukis Garage Massacre in June 1941 (more materials here).

14 July 2020: In a bizarre twist some have described as a “classic East European style provocation,” a “Gang of Four” members of the Vilnius Jewish Community went to the media to critique the cochairs of the Goodwill Foundation (GWF). But instead of limiting themselves to the widely reported critiques of these cochairs’ non-representation of the community’s interests and local Jewish causes, nepotism, glorification of one leader’s interests etc, the statement  strangely faults them also (or primarily)  for protesting the naming of 2021 for an LAF member, one of the GWF’s rare acts that does indeed potentially have the support of an overwhelming majority of Lithuanian Jews (although reference is made to Ms. Kukliansky’s earlier television interview which declared local Jews’ “hate” of Lithuanians, to the shock of Jewish citizens living in perfect harmony with their neighbors).

The current “Gang of Four” statement, signed by  Chona Leibovičius, Vitalijus Karakorskis, Dovidas Bluvšteinas and Lev Milner, appeared in Tiesos.lt, was picked up by Delfi, and finally, it appeared on the Facebook page of the Vilnius Jewish Community with a comment that it is “not an official community position”… The following week reprinted in the far right Propatria.lt. Things turned more bizarre still when a leading antisemitic and neo-Nazi blogger and photoshopper, “Zeppelinus” praised the four signatories as the true face of Lithuanian Jewry.  Samples of Zeppelinus’s racist, antisemitic, homophobic, misogynistic work; selection of his captioned photoshops of DH’s editor. A 2013 appeal to the then Economy minister. This time, Mr. Zeppelinus (under the name “Raimondas Navickas”)  “liked” a post shared onto the Vilnius Jewish Community FB page. “A strange old world.”…

16 July 2020: The traditionally antisemitic daily Respublika (classic front pages here and here) goes to town with  a long article on the opposition of the “four members of the community” with quotes from far right members of parliament.

17 July 2020: Elected head of the Vilnius Jewish Community  (VJC) Simon Gurevich  posts his  reply to the “Gang of Four” on the VJC’s FB (also, and with many more reactions, on his own page), but as yet no statement from the VJC board.

Meanwhile, the official state-sponsored community (LJC)  issues a (for some) confusing new post, while maintaining a steadfast moral opposition to the honoring of any 1941 activists of the LAF, a violent, Hitlerist, antisemitic organization. The Genocide Center’s own pages confirm Mr. Lukša’s participation in the LAF in June 1941 (as PDF). Neither community’s post mentions (as of today) the  evidence in the public domain (rather than in some hidden archives open only to specialists): Alex Faitelson’s 2006 memoir; his 1993 certificate of recognition from Pres. Brazauskas; the 1999 materials in Joseph Melamed’s book; the 2011 British Parliament motion (see also the recent summaries of the moral case by Laurence Weinbaum and Dovid Katz).

19 July 2020: LNK.lt TV news report artfully ties the controversy over the naming of 2021 with the general Jewish and widespread dismay at the running of the official Jewish Community and its chief financing body, the state restitution financed Good Will Foundation. The formal response came in the form of a letter from the foundation signed by Andy Baker and Indre Rutkauskaite that appeared on their website on 31 July.

21 July 2020: Facebook posting of a video from a Žinios.lt news broadcast about the scandal.

22 July 2020: The one Jewish MP, Emanuelis Zingeris of the right wing (some would say far right) Conservative Homeland Union (which supports glorification of the 1941 LAF and PG Hitler collaborators and opposes LGBT equality), reverses himself on naming 2021 for an LAF activist: After being the only parliamentarian to abstain during the June 30 vote (see above), he came out today with a long interview in Delfi.lt, with Dalia Plikūnė, blasting the Jewish Telegraphic Agency for “defaming” Lukša. The article does not mention the evidence available: eyewitness accounts published and summarized by Alex Faitelson and  Joseph Malamed, the British parliament’s 2011 early day motion, or indeed, the joint statements by the American Jewish Committee and the Lithuanian Jewish Community (via the Good Will Foundation) on 1 and 2 July. or the article by Dr. Laurence Weinbaum in the Jewish Chronicle on 9 July. Instead, Zingeris blasts any who would disagree about Lukša as de facto agents of Moscow who are out to defame Lithuania, ignoring the obvious argument that it is the true friend of Lithuania who would urge its parliament not to name a year for an alleged Holocaust perpetrator! Or that the  courtroom-grade status of Holocaust collaboration guilt is different when the issue is not a trial to determine guilt bur rather a national parliament’s decision to name a year for an activist in one of the most brutal and violent East European Hitlerist entities, the LAF. Incidentally, Mr. Zingeris now appears as no. 26 in the right-wing Conservative Homeland Union party for the parliamentary elections this autumn.

Also on 22 July, the far right Propatria.lt carried Rasa Čepaitienė’s article rejecting the facts of the Nazi-allied history of Noreika, Škirpa and others; it traffics in the usual antisemitic tropes of Jewish responsibility for the origins of Soviet occupation.

Also on 22 July, the far right “National Union” issued a statement to the nation’s leaders accusing the Jewish community of de facto collusion with Moscow on account of its disagreements about various “heroes” naming proven Holocaust collaborators Noreika and Skirpa, along with Luksa, as national heroes.

23 July 2020: The “National Union” statement was reported on in the far right Propatria.lt, as well as  in Alkas.lt with a lurid headline accusing the Jewish community’s head of fomenting antisemitism and anti-Lithuanianism. Also, Propatria.lt. published an article by Vygandas Trainys.  Considering Noreika, Brazaitis, Luksa, etc, there are no references to the evidence of Holocaust participation or collaboration, there is  an open drive to further divide the Jewish community, with no consideration to the view that it would be to Lithuania’s huge benefit to abandon state glorification of participants in the genocide of citizens in 1941.

25 July 2020: With a direct reference to original publication of the letter from the four, one of them, journalist Vitalijus Karakorakorskis, posts on  Tiesos.lt a letter dated a day earlier, to Ms. Kukliansky, calling on her to take legal action against two prominent Jewish personalities he accuses of not being halachic Jews and of personally threatening him.

27 July 2020: Voruta.lt reposts a previous (22 July) statement on Propatria.lt from the National Union calling on the powers that be to ensure the safety of Lithuanian Jews in light of the statement of Fania Kukliansky and Andrew Baker on the naming of 2021 for an alleged Holocaust collaborator and the ensuing discussion. The statement is widely interpreted as a psychological threat against a minority that might disagree with that or that aspect of nationalists’ “history politics”…

27 July 2020: Prof.  K. Girnius, in the major news portal Delfi.lt. trashes the statements from the American Jewish Committee and the Lithuanian Jewish Community, and the report in JTA, without however mentioning the sources cited by Defending History or the response of the World Jewish Congress’s Dr. Laurence Weinbaum. Wild comparisons are made with recognition of Stalin’s murder of Polish officers at Katyn, those who disagree with the professor are accused of being Moscow puppets, and he even seeks refuge in claiming that since the LAF butchers of June and July 1941 were not “official members” they can’t really  have committed Holocaust crimes (in other contexts, his beloved “Genocide Center” is all too proud to trumpet the subject’s LAF participation). Will Lithuanian academics and major news outlets ever give the Lithuanian public both sides of the story, including the argument that huge damage is done to Lithuania by state glorification of 1941 Hitlerist militias and their supporters?

29 July 2020: The LJC chairman Ms. Kukliansky publishes a rejoinder in Lrt.lt.  An edited English version appeared on the LJC’s website.

30 July 2020: Presumably due to summer vacation schedules and/or the ongoing pandemic, there has (uncharacteristically) been a month of silence (since the 30 June Seimas vote) from the Simon Wiesenthal Center which generally takes the moral lead in such situations. For example, concerning the honoring of Adolfas Ramanauskas (against whom there is vastly less evidence of “physical” Holocaust participation), SWC spoke out with speed and singular moral clarity in 2017 (indeed, about the Seimas’s naming of 2018 for him), and in 2018 (about a proposed Ramanauskas monument in New Britain, Connecticut), and  in 2019 (about the rejected monument’s unveiling in Chicago). Over the last month, powerful statements have been made by leaders of AJC, LJC, (+follow-up) and WJC Israel (in the London Jewish Chronicle) and in a JTA report carried also by the Jerusalem PostTimes of Israel, and the European Jewish Congress. The question is not about how the information available on Mr. Ramanauskas and Mr. Lukša differs. It is about the moral message being sent by the Seimas in both cases.

31 July 2020: Dr. Arvydas Anušauskas, who had in 2006  launched the campaign to prosecute Yitzhak Arad (which grew to include other Holocaust survivors who joined the anti-Nazi resistance), disparagingly mocks the Jewish Community’s position in his piece in Pozicija.lt.

2 August 2020: Evaldas Balčiūnas publishes a new essay on the affair in Defending History on the ethics of the issue, inter alia replying to Professor K. Girnius’s arguments.

17 August 2020: Dr. Arvydas Anušauskas, who had in 2006  launched the campaign to prosecute Holocaust survivors who joined the anti-Nazi resistance in the antisemitic daily Respublika, today published a long article in 15min.lt accusing any who would disagree with him about Juozas Lukša and others as being “Kremlin” agents, fails to mention the opposition from the country’s Jewish community or show it any respect, while attempting to rewrite the history of the Lietukis Garage and the week of barbaric LAF butchery of local Jewish citizens in June 1941 (the “revolt” — forgetting that you can only “revolt” against folks in power; during the days of the first butchery of Lithuanian Jewish citizens, the Soviet army was fleeing Hitler’s Operation Barbarossa, the largest invasion in human history, not the local fascist Jew-killers…).

21 August 2020: Official Jewish community publishes a bold and measured protest, in Lithuanianin English and in Russian on its website, over the state-funded Genocide Center’s appointment as deputy director of Vidmantas Valiušaitis, a veteran distorter of history who denies — in the face of vast and unquestioned empirical evidence  — the participation of the LAF (Lithuanian Activist Front) and Provisional Government  of 1941 in the early phases of the Lithuanian Holocaust comprising humiliation, injury, murder, plunder, incarceration, and organized slaughter. For more background see Andrius Kulikauskas’s articles of 2017 and 2018 which refer also to the “Holocaust fixing activities” of the Damušis Center (which Mr. Valiušaitis heads up) at the Mažvydas National Library.

26 August 2020: LRT.lt journalist Modesta Gaučaitė publishes a report recording opposition to Mr. Valiušaitis’ appointment to deputy directorship of the Genocide Center not only from the official Jewish community, but also from (nationalist) historians.

27 August 2020: JTA report by Cnaan Liphshiz on the Valiušaitis appointment protests, and the Lukša year scandal, pointing out Mr. Valiusaitis’s recent uncritical cheerleading (see 10 July and 11 July above) for the naming of 2021 for  Mr. Lukša. JTA report picked up by Arutz ShevaJerusalem PostTimes of Israel.

Also on 27 August, Professor Pinchos Fridberg publishes an article on the official Jewish community’s website divulging that the new director general of the Genocide Center, who had previously listed his ethnicity as “Lithuanian” changed it on internet bio pages, after his new appointment, to “Lithuanian Tatar” in an apparent effort to show pride in ethnic minority roots in the country, even as a new campaign of honoring Nazi collaborators gathers state-financed steam (see above at 23 June etc.).

30 August 2020: Lrytas.lt crritique by Vytautas Bruveris on the Genocide Center’s choice for deputy director and de facto boss a major Holocaust revisionist and far-right supporter, citing the the opposition from various groups including the American Jewish Committee.

3 September 2020: MP Arūnas Gumuliauskas, himself the initiator of a notorious bill to exonerate Lithuanian collaboration in the Holocaust (while insisting on glorification of the participating units [see Jewish community’s reaction]), announced at a press conference today a new “commission of experts” to guide the state sponsored Genocide Center. The staff announced, it seemed to outside observers, were indicative of a wish to further embed Holocaust studies and history and education in “national security” enabling the silencing of the Western narrative in favor of the ultranationalists’ far-right narrative. In addition to national security and military backgrounds, the “experts” include some far-right icons, but not a single specialist in Holocaust studies was included among the new “experts guiding”  the state’s “Genocide Center”. See Defending History’s section on the Genocide Center (and a summary page from a decade ago).

9 September 2020: Retired University of South Carolina professor Kęstutis Skrupskelis publishes an article in Lithuanian media besmirching Lithuania’s Jewish official community for (finally!) standing up to state-sponsored glorification of Holocaust collaborators, even blaming Defending History’s editor for allegedly influencing them, and inventing a quote from our editor, supposedly attacking Vytautas Landsbergis for wanting “communists be held accountable for their crimes.” The facts are very different. Dovid Katz’s March 2011 talk at the University of South Carolina  (poster here) criticized the campaign to legally equalize Nazi and Soviet c rimes as per the Prague Declaration (with Prof. Danny Ben-Moshe, Dovid Katz coauthored the European parliamentary response—the Seventy Years Declaration). See his piece on Landsbergis’s life’s work, and his actual power point presentation at the March 2011  University of South Carolina lecture (in PDF format).  His (and Defending History’s) views on Soviet crimes.

20 September 2020: President of Lithuania launches new memorial. Most prominent banner in the crowd glorifies two major Holocaust collaborators. Photos of the event were then proudly posted on the presidential website.

29 October 2020: Yakov Faitelson, son of Holocaust survivor, resistance leader and (decades later) historian Alex (Alter-Henoch) Faitelson (1923–2010), who documented the postwar identification of Lukša at the Kaunas Garage Massacre,  issues a plea to the Lithuanian Parliament to reconsider its decision to name 2021 for the alleged participant in the Kaunas atrocities of 1941 on their eightieth anniversary.

1 January 2021: Dovid Katz, editor of DefendingHistory.com explains DH’s decision to name 2021 for the Savers and Victims of the First Week (from 22/23 June 1941), arguing that The First Week, which saw barbarous mass murder by the LAF and its cohorts before the arrival of the first German forces, constitutes a much understudied period in East European Holocaust historiography.

2 January 2021: Grant Gochin CFP MBA, president of Grant Arthur and Associates Wealth Services, LLC  in Woodland Hills, California, publishes an extensive blog focusing, inter alia, on the moral travesty of Lithuania’s government “naming 2021” for an alleged Holocaust perpetrator; the piece includes multiple screen shots from tweets by Lithuanian government officials who specialize in “relations with the Jews”. Mr. Gochin is the originator and private sponsor of the legal action in Vilnius (and possibly thereafter in the European courts of human rights) concerning state sponsorship of shrines glorifying the brutal Holocaust collaborator Jonas Noreika, whose state glorification was first exposed to the English-speaking world  on these pages by Evaldas Balčiūnas back in March 2012. As “reward” for his series of essays on the topic “Why does our State Honor Murderers?” Mr. Balčiūnas was harassed by police and charged by prosecutors in years of “kangaroo proceedings” (scroll down to May 2014 and beyond; in separate section).

14 January 2021: In a powerful Jerusalem Post op-ed, the Wiesenthal Center’s Dr. Efraim Zuroff exposes a recent Israeli-Lithuanian foreign ministers’ “declaration of deepest love” that ignores the ongoing state-sponsored campaign of Holocaust history falsification. The piece succinctly covers the unique-in-Europe extent of wartime Nazi collaboration but omits entirely the current 2021 debate of the Lithuanian parliament naming this new year for yet another alleged LAF-1941 war criminal (the Vilnius diplomatic rumor mill attributes it to the author acceding to his coauthor’s wishes on this burning current incarnation of glorifying collaborators, but without evidence). Also, in DH’s opinion, is the need for continuing attention to the unlanced boil of the need for apologies to the families of Israeli and Lithuanian Holocaust survivors defamed for history and posterity by prosecutors’ lame attempts to equalize Nazi war crimes and Jewish resistance (two of the defamed survivors are stull with us in very advanced age—there is a grand historic opportunity for direct reconciliation…). See the latest listing of seven simple solutions to outstanding Lithuanian-Jewish issues.

9 February 2021:  In an article in Delfi.lt that betrays the typical ultranationalist failure to understand what the Holocaust was in Lithuania, the author, Dalius Stancikas, also deals with the naming of the year 2021 for Juozas Lukša by the Lithuanian parliament. He attacks leaders of the official Jewish Community of Lithuania and the American Jewish Committee for having protested the naming of the year for a member of the LAF, protesting that participation in the “uprising” does not make one a criminal. In fact, the testimony against Lukša  includes alleged participation in the beheading of Rabbi Zalmen Osovsky and in the Lietukis Garage Massacre (see above for links to the testimonies collected by Joseph Melamed and Alex Faitelson, and cited by the British Parliament in 2011). But leaving that aside, the ultranationalists’ revisionist history uses the word “uprising” or “rebellion” in an untenable way, You can only rebel against someone in power. When the Soviets were in power this “LAF” didn’t shoot at a snail. But when the Soviet army was fleeing from Hitler’s Operation Barbarossa (the largest invasion in human history, not from the LAF’s Jew-killers), the LAF unleashed humiliation, plunder, mayhem and murder against thousands of helpless innocent Jewish neighbors, in effect launching the Lithuanian Holocaust before the Germans even arrived  and took control (in most cases several days later), when so many of the LAFers became the Germans’ official Jew-shooters. The author is correct that there were inspirationally heroic Lithuanians who rescued Jews that week. The point is that they were rescuing these Jewish neighbors from the LAF in the first instance, as well as from the arriving German forces. It is instructive to consult the Lithuanian state Jewish museum’s own Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania and to count up how many towns  there are in all the land where white-armbanders were not prominent among the voluntary shooters in 1941!  This is the state-sponsored atlas’s own reckoning. A similar process can be followed in the 121 testimonies in L. Koniuchowsky’s collection, now available online in English translation. And, see the LAF’s own prewar statements on its goals for Lithuania. (See also Defending History’s dedication of the year 2021.)

4 September 2021: This week’s festivities included, on 4 September 2021, a speech by the president of Lithuania to honor Lukša, a brand new Lukša monument unveiled to  in a village where he operated, with participation by the director general of the Genocide Center, Dr. Arūnas Bubnys. The monument was “consecrated” by a major bishop who holds the title “president of the Commission on the External Relations of the EU”.

10 September 2021: The Genocide Center (under its director general A. Bubnys) and the Seimas team up for the far-right, one-sided conference called “Armed Anti-Communist Resistance in East-Central Europe in 1944-1953: Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Juozas Lukša-Skirmantas” (as PDF). Daumantas” with keynote papers featuring adulation and — presumably — zero mention of the  Lukša’s “heroic” participation in the marauding LAF-bands reign of murder over Jewish neighbors that  far right Holocaust-distorting forces characterize as “the Uprising.”


See DH section  on Collaborators Glorified; Academic background on collaborator glorification in the context of “Double Genocide” revisionism.

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